We all experience pain, whether it’s stubbed toe or a stomach ache. Most of the time, this pain is short-lived and temporary; however, other times, the pain can persist for weeks, months, or years. It’s a cause, location, longevity, and circumstances that contribute to how doctors treat the pain and help you live a healthy life.
Acute pain is the most common pain type, usually associated with common injuries or illnesses like sprains and cuts, or major surgery or trauma from a severe accident. It occurs suddenly and generally goes away as you heal. There are many types of acute pain mainly caused by broken bones, dental work, surgery, burns and cuts, and labor or childbirth.
Some common examples of acute pain incorporate small incidents like accidentally touching hot burners, slamming a finger in a door, or significant events like childbirth. The frequently occurring acute pain symptoms are fatigue, flu-like symptoms such as chills, fever, cough, sore throat, insomnia, muscle spasm, numbness, and others.
Minor acute pain treatment can be done through OTC (over-the-counter) medicines such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen, exercises or physical therapy, or alternative therapies. Acute pain associated with trauma or some major surgery requires strong medications or intensive treatments.
If you do not treat it appropriately acute pain, it can turn into more severe or chronic pain.
If your pain condition lasts more than three months, it is persistent or chronic pain, and you may require help from a healthcare provider to understand the causes of chronic pain and the determination of treatment.
According to estimation, nearly one of every four adults in the United States suffers from chronic pain. There are several types of chronic pain. The most common chronic pain examples include nerve damage pain, low back pain, fibromyalgia pain, cancer pain, and arthritis pain.
Chronic pain can occur due to some chronic medical health conditions, or it can be a result of persistent acute pain. Commonly occurring chronic pain symptoms include joint pain, headache, low back pain, jolts of sharp pain, muscle aches, or tingling or burning pain in various parts of the body.
Chronic pain treatment incorporates several steps:
- Understanding the cause: There are many chronic pain syndrome and conditions. It is very important to identify the root cause of the pain while managing the pain itself. Different conditions require different types of medications and treatments.
- Involving the patients: it is essential to engage the patients in their pain management process, asking them to give full details, set goals for themselves, and track their progress.
- Treating pain and other symptoms: medicines help provide relief from chronic pain, and most of the time, they are used as a part of the chronic pain equation. Your doctor may recommend massage, physical therapy, exercise, anti-inflammatory medicines, medications, relaxation practices, and working with a behavioral professional to help with self-regulating pain symptoms.
- Monitoring results: you can manage your treatment and progress with your doctor. This will help you support your recovery.
Chronic and Acute Pain Treatment
The treatment of pain relies upon its cause, and the general health condition of the individual influenced. The essential objective of pain treatment is to restore the patient to an ideal function. Cure of acute or chronic pain can be either medical or non-medical.
- NON-MEDICAL CURE
Non-medical treatment options for different types of pain incorporate rest, stretching, observation, work out or exercises, decrease in body weight, warmth or ice applications, and different elective medicines including needle therapy or acupuncture, chiropractic, rub or massage, electrical stimulation, manipulation, biofeedback, surgical procedures, and hypnosis.
- MEDICAL CURE
Clinical medicines include three fundamental medication structures to treat pain (analgesics): Non-narcotic medications, narcotic medications, and medications used to supplement different analgesics (adjuvant medications).
Non-narcotic medications include acetaminophen (Tylenol and others), anti-inflammatory medicine, and nonsteroidal calming drugs (NSAIDs, for example, ibuprofen/Motrin/Advil, naproxen/Aleve).
Non-opioid analgesics are OTC (over-the-counter) and prescription medicines useful in the management of pain. They are increasingly using medication in many different clinical settings as a safe, preferred, and effective first-line treatment alternative for mild to moderate acute and chronic pain.
Narcotic medications include tramadol (Ultracet, Ultram), morphine, hydromorphone (Dilaudid and others), codeine (Tylenol #3 and others), hydrocodone (Vicodin, Lortab), methadone, meperidine (Demerol), pentazocine (Talwin), propoxyphene (Darvon), and butorphanol (Stadol).
Opioids like Tramadol can cure both acute and chronic pain. The immediate-release conventional pills of tramadol help alleviate moderate to severe acute pain conditions while tramadol extended-release formulations are suitable for the treatment of chronic pain.
All the opioid analgesics help with mild, moderate, and severe pain. For the harsh chronic pain conditions, oxycontin is a widely used medication preferred by most healthcare providers.
Adjuvant medications are regularly used for different purposes; however, they can likewise be viable in treating pain. Instances of adjuvant pain drugs include muscle relaxants, stimulant medicines, (for example, amitriptyline/Elavil or duloxetine/Cymbalta), hostile to seizure prescriptions, (for example, carbamazepine/Tegretol, gabapentin/Neurontin), skin sedative showers, pain patches (Lidoderm and others), and nerve obstruct with sedatives.
Indeed, even caffeine has been used to improve the pain easing the impact of anti-inflammatory medicine and acetaminophen. No single medicine has been seen as suitable for all types of pain.
At last, different combinations of a large number of the above have been used to treat pain effectively. For instance, ice applications may be joined with a muscle relaxant and a non-narcotic pain reliever to manage a particular sort of back pain. Besides, joining different pain-relieving prescriptions can have added substance impacts that further lessen languishing. New medicines are not too far off; however, the way to ideal pain the executives will consistently be a clear correspondence between the specialist and the patient.